The Task group 2 Ten materials needs for the future of the World Materials Research Institutes Forum has attempted to identify, and continually update, the ten most important topics in the field of materials science and engineering. The current list is described below.

  • Renewable energy and energy storage (RE)
    • Materials for more efficient and less expensive solar cells (e.g., perovskites)
    • Non-rare earth magnet materials for wind turbines
    • Improved materials for geothermal power
    • Improved materials for energy conversion (e.g., batteries, thermoelectrics)
    • New materials for nuclear power and improved testing procedures
    • New materials for hydrogen storage
  • Lower weight transportation (LT)
    • Lightweighting of alloys
    • Improved composites
  • Sustainable buildings and infrastructure (SB)
    • Fire resistant materials
    • Novel “green” building materials
  • Medical technologies and biological functionalization (MT)
    • Improved materials for bone and tissue replacement
    • Potential health and safety issues with nanoparticles (e.g., TiO2, carbon nanotubes)
    • Materials for implantable devices
  • Managing climate change and natural catastrophes (CC)
    • Materials for carbon capture
    • Pollution reduction (e.g., SOx, NOx)
    • Environmentally friendly cement production methods
  • Rapid design and manufacturing (RD)
    • Additive manufacturing
    • Material interface effects
    • More efficient test and evaluation procedures
    • Joining and repair of materials
  • Recovery and use of scarce resources (SR)
    • Substitution of earth-abundant materials for critical materials
    • Enhanced recycling
    • Materials efficiency
  • Potable water retrieval, supply, and purification (PW)
    • Materials for purification (e.g., membranes)
    • Materials for desalinization
  • Lifetime prediction and long-term service of systems (LP)
    • Improved corrosion protection
    • Improved non-destructive evaluation procedures for infrastructure (e.g., buildings, bridges)
    • More rigorous statistical analysis techniques
  • Modeling and data (MD)
    • Techniques for property prediction based on atomic structure
    • Availability of fundamental materials data
    • Better data mining techniques

Read the full story at The American Ceramic Society

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